Invoicing Under GST
As a GST registered dealer, you are required to provide GST Invoices, also known as bills to your clients.
1. What is a GST Invoice?
An invoice or a bill is a list of goods sent or services provided, along with the amount due for payment.
2. Who should issue GST Invoice?
If you are a GST registered business, you need to provide GST-complaint invoices to your clients for sale of good and/or services.
Your GST registered vendors will provide GST-compliant purchase invoices to you
3. What are the mandatory fields a GST Invoice should have?
A tax invoice is generally issued to charge the tax and pass on the input tax credit. A GST Invoice must have the following mandatory fields-
Invoice number and date
Shipping and billing address
Customer and taxpayer’s GSTIN (if registered)**
Place of supply
HSN code/ SAC code
Item details i.e. description, quantity (number), unit (meter, kg etc.), total value
Taxable value and discounts
Rate and amount of taxes i.e. CGST/ SGST/ IGST
Whether GST is payable on reverse charge basis
Signature of the supplier
If the recipient is not registered AND the value is more than Rs. 50,000 then the invoice should carry:
name and address of the recipient,
address of delivery,
state name and state code
4. By when should you issue invoices?
The GST Act has defined time limit to issue GST tax invoices, revised bills, debit notes, and credit note.
Following are the due dates for issuing an invoice to customers:
5. How to personalize GST Invoices?
You can personalize your invoice with your company’s logo. The ClearTax BillBook allows you to create and personalize GST Invoice free of cost.
6. What are other types of invoices?
6A. Bill of Supply
A bill of supply is similar to a GST invoice except for that bill of supply does not contain any tax amount as the seller cannot charge GST to the buyer.
A bill of supply is issued in cases where tax cannot be charged:
Registered person is selling exempted goods/services,
Registered person has opted for composition scheme
Invoice-cum-bill of supply
As per Notification No. 45/2017 – Central Tax dated 13th October 2017
If a registered person is supplying taxable as well as exempted goods/ services to an unregistered person, then he can issue a single “invoice-cum-bill of supply” for all such supplies.
6.B. Aggregate Invoice
If the value of multiple invoices is less than Rs. 200 and the buyer are unregistered, the seller can issue an aggregate or bulk invoice for the multiple invoices on a daily basis.
For example, you may have issued 3 invoices in a day of Rs.80, Rs.90 and Rs. 120. In such a case, you can issue a single invoice, totaling to Rs290, to be called an aggregate invoice.
6.C. Debit and credit note
A debit note is issued by the seller when the amount payable by the buyer to seller increases:
Tax invoice has a lower taxable value than the amount that should have been charged
Tax invoice has a lower tax value than the amount that should have been charged
A credit note is issued by the seller when the value of invoice decreases:
Tax invoice has a higher taxable value than the amount that should have been charged
Tax invoice has a higher tax value than the amount that should have been charged
Buyer refunds the goods to the supplier
Services are found to be deficient
7. Can you revise invoices issued before GST?
Yes. You can revise invoices issued before GST. Under the GST regime, all the dealers must apply for provisional registration before getting the permanent registration certificate.
Refer to this image below to understand the protocol of issuing a revised invoice:
This applies to all the invoices issued between the date of implementation of GST and the date your registration certificate has been issued.
As a dealer, you must issue a revised invoice against the invoices already issued. The revised invoice has to be issued within 1 month from the date of issue of the registration certificate.
8. How many copies of Invoices should be issued?
For goods– 3 copies
For services– 2 copies