LOK ADALAT || FIRST INFORMATION REPORT ( FIR )

Lok Adalat For Quick Justice

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LOK ADALAT

The word “Lok Adalat” means People’s Court. Lok Adalat can be seen as an alternative to judicial justice. This is a recent strategy for delivering cheap, informal  and expedition justice to the common man. By Method of settling disputes, which are pending in courts and also those, which have not yet reached Courts by negotiations, conciliation and by adopting persuasive. Common sense & human approach to the problems of the disputants, with the assistance of specially trained and experienced members of a Team of Conciliatiors. It’s  an old concept and in ancient India it played important role in settlement of disputes. Validity of Lok Adalat has not been taken away even in the modern days too.

Lok Adalat  not only saves time but also huge expenditure on judicial proceedings in the current judicial system. It also provides quick justice at nominal expenditure. Hence, we can say  it provides less expensive justice to the people . This system is based on Gandhian principles. It is one of the components of ADR system. In British period the Institution of Lok Adalat was replaced by centralised judicial system. Local Courts were replaced by the Royal Courts.

Legislation pertaining to Lok Adalats:

The advent of Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 gave a statutory status of Lok Adalats, pursuant to the constitutional mandate in Article 39-A of the Constitution of India, contains various provisions for settlement of dispute through Lok Adalat. It is an Act to constitute legal services authorities to provide free and competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society. This is done in order to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic of the legal system promotes justice on a basis of equal opportunity.

  • Composition of Lok Adalat
  • At the State Authority level

The Member Secretary if the State Legal Services Authority organizing the Lok Adalat would constitute benches of the Lok Adalat, each bench comprising of a sitting a retired judge of the High Court or a sitting or retired judicial officer and any one or both of a member from the legal profession, a social worker engaged in the upliftment of the weaker sections and interested in the implementation of legal services schemes or programmes.

At High Court Level

The Secretary of the High Court Legal Services Committee would constitute benches of the Lok Adalat, each bench comprising of a sitting or retired judje of the High Court and any one or both of a member from the legal profession; a social worker engaged in the upliftment of the weaker sections and interesting in the implementation of legal services schemes or programmes.

At District Level

The Secretary of the District Legal Services Authority organizing the Lok Adalat would benches of the Lok Adalat, each bench comprising of a sitting or retired judicial officer and any one or both of either a member from the legal profession and a social worker engaged in the upliftment of the weaker sections and interested in the implementation of legal services schemes or programmes or a person engaged in para-legal activities of the area, preferably a woman.

At Taluka Level

The Secretary of the Taluka Legal Services Committee organizing the Lok Adalat would constitute benches of the Lok Adalat, each bench comprising of a sitting or retired judicial officer and any one or both ot either a member from the legal profession and social worker engaged in the upliftment of the weaker sections and interested in the implementation of legal services schemes or programmes or a person engaged in para-legal activities of the area, preferably a woman.

Benefits of Lok Adalat:

1. The top most advantage of lok adalat is that, there is no court fee and even if the case is already filed in the regular court, the fee paid will be refunded if the dispute is settled at the Lok Adalat.

2. There is no strict application of the procedural laws and the Evidence Act while assessing the merits of the claim by the Lok Adalat. The parties to the disputes though represented by their Advocate can interact with the Lok Adalat judge directly and explain their stands in the dispute and the reasons therefore, which is not possible in a regular court of law.

3. Disputes can be brought before the Lok Adalat directly instead of going to a regular court first and then to the Lok Adalat.

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